by James Kraus
During the 1960s, Pontiac brochures and advertising were dominated by dramatic illustrations created by the team of Art ‘Fitz’ Fitzpatrick and Van Kaufman. These lush images depicted scenes of glamour and sophistication populated by suave, well-attired cosmopolitan characters, always accompanied by a larger-than-life Pontiac with shimmering chrome and glistening paintwork.
These were images that the aspirational car buyer could fantasize inserting himself into, and they nourished the idea that maybe he himself could gain access to this beautiful and exotic world if he went out and bought a new Pontiac.
While this illustrative style was not uncommon in automotive brochures and advertising at the time, Fitz and Van were the acknowledged masters of the genre. They began their storied collaboration working for Mercury and Buick before hitting their stride during their decade-plus run at Pontiac. Fitz would select overall layouts; then position, render and detail the cars, while Van fleshed out characters and backgrounds.
The process of collecting the background images is a story in itself, a tale that would excite any man about town. Each year, Fitz and Van would jet away to glamorous watering holes around the globe to scout and photograph potential background locations: Rome, Paris, Monte-Carlo, Acapulco, Hawaii, Puerto Rico… They left no stone unturned.
These international locales were a departure from the conventional advertising practice in the U.S. at the time and occasionally met with resistance in the insular world of 1960s Detroit management. An executive once groused to Fitz that a couple of the backgrounds looked a bit too foreign. He ended up with a tinge of red in the face however, as the locales of the two images that he objected to were actually Upper Manhattan and Washington, DC.
Having complete creative control, the only orders Fitz would receive from Pontiac headquarters were in regard to which car model and trim level to depict. He and Van would then select a background, decide which of the model’s available colours went best with the palate of the selected locale, and work their magic.
When the images were completed and finalized, the finished work was sent over to Pontiac’s ad agency, McManus, John and Adams, where copywriters would add suitable text and a complementary headline.
The effectiveness of the Fitz and Van advertising illustrations helped propel Pontiac from sixth to third place in the U.S. sales derby by 1962, outsold only by the more mass-market Chevrolet and Ford lineups. Pontiac would would retain the third-place position through the remainder of the decade.
An eleventh-hour decision to introduce the Grand Prix for 1962 in competition with the Ford Thunderbird and upcoming Buick Riviera resulted in a tiny last-minute marketing budget to launch the new model. The minuscule funds allowed for no television spots and development of a mere six print advertisements in support of the new Grand Prix. Despite these constraints, Fitz and Van’s enticing series of six illustrated magazine spreads helped sell over thirty-thousand G.P.s in 1962.
The cars were routinely drawn in large scale, dominating the composition and seemingly poised to accelerate off the page.
Fitz was a master at colour depiction and reflection rendering. His aristry certainly made the most of Pontiac’s 1960s Magic-Mirror and Fire-Leveled acrylic lacquer paint finishes. In his best work, the paint appears to reflect an unusually broad colour spectrum and looks to be covered with infinitely deep high gloss clear overcoat, often appearing if the car was covered in molten colour.
Aesthetics were further enhanced by minimising shut lines and leaving off trim screws, antennas, bumper bolts and other extraneous detail.
When not busy jetting around the world, Fitz enjoyed the freedom of working from his home. When he did choose to venture out, he first had to decide which car to drive. As part of his remuneration from Pontiac, he was supplied every three months with not one or two, but three of the latest models of his choosing; typically a posh Bonneville, a more sporting Grand Prix or GTO and a Tempest station wagon.
The reign of Fitz and Van at Pontiac coincided with the pinnacle of the era of Jet Age glamour and sophistication; an age they exquisitely grasped and captured. Their images remain today as frozen moments in time reflecting the spirit of idealized gracious living, 1960s Style.
The images shown are my personal favorites; for more, visit Art Fitzpatrick’s website.